This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, June 23, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1897, John G. Brady took office as the fifth governor of the district of Alaska, appointed by President William McKinley.

• In 1933, E.W. Griffin took office as secretary of Alaska under Gov. John Troy.

• In 1939, District Ranger C.M. Archbold of Ketchikan proposed establishing a bear preserve at Loring as a hunting attraction for camera-toting tourists.

• In 1949, the Salmon Creek Country Club, a Juneau night spot, burned to the ground.

• In 1969, more than 2,300 acres of prime recreation forest was blackened by a fire in the Russian River area on the Kenai Peninsula.

In the nation

• In 1868, Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for his "Type-Writer."

• In 1888, abolitionist Frederick Douglass received one vote from the Kentucky delegation at the Republican National Convention in Chicago, effectively making him the first black candidate nominated for U.S. president. (The party nomination went to Benjamin Harrison.)

• In 1892, the Democratic National Convention in Chicago nominated former President Cleveland on the first ballot.

• In 1931, aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.

• In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.

• In 1947, the Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

• In 1967, President Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin held the first of two meetings in Glassboro, N.J.

• In 1969, Warren E. Burger was sworn in as chief U.S. justice by the man he was succeeding, Earl Warren.

• In 1972, President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI's Watergate investigation. (Revelation of the tape recording of this conversation sparked Nixon's resignation in 1974.)

• In 2000, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, during a visit to South Korea, said American troops would remain in the country indefinitely to maintain strategic stability in the Pacific area.

• In 2004, in a major retreat, the United States abandoned an attempt to win a new exemption for American troops from international prosecution for war crimes - an effort that had faced strong opposition because of the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal.

In the world

• In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.

• In 1985, all 329 people aboard an Air-India Boeing 747 were killed when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland, apparently because of a bomb.

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