Gov. Tony Knowles signed 21 bills into law Monday, including a measure repealing term-limit pledge laws and a bill requiring convicted burglars to submit to DNA testing.
House Bill 189 repeals two citizen initiatives to identify candidates who supported term limits by stating that position beside their names on the ballot.
House Judiciary Committee Chairman Norm Rokeberg, an Anchorage Republican, said the laws were repealed in response to a U.S. Supreme Court decision that found a similar Missouri law unconstitutional.
Alaskans approved an initiative in 1996 requiring a candidate's position on term limits be listed on the ballot. After the attorney general's office said that was unconstitutional, term limit supporters passed a 1999 initiative making the pledges on ballots voluntary.
Sarah Felix, an assistant attorney general, said although Alaska's 1999 law differed somewhat from the Missouri law, it was almost certainly also unconstitutional.
"I just think the U.S. Supreme Court was pretty much saying, "Don't clutter up the ballot with this stuff. It doesn't belong on the ballot,"' Felix said.
Another bill signed Monday, Senate Bill 99, will require those convicted of burglary to provide samples for a state DNA registry.
Senate President Rick Halford, a Chugiak Republican, introduced the bill, saying many of those who commit violent crimes have prior convictions for burglary. He said adding their DNA samples to the state's records could help solve violent crimes. The state Department of Public Safety backed the bill.
The Alaska Civil Liberties Union called the bill an unwarranted move to collect private information about citizens. The group's executive director, Jennifer Rudinger, said DNA samples could reveal genetic information about close family members, and statistics in Alaska do not demonstrate a strong enough link between burglary and violent crime to justify the law.
Other bills Knowles signed Monday include:
Senate Bill 158, sponsored by the Senate Resources Committee, which mandates a study by the state Department of Revenue on whether it makes sense for the state to be a part owner in a possible natural gas pipeline from the North Slope.
House Bill 164, by Rep. Fred Dyson, an Eagle River Republican, which gives grandparents an opportunity to be heard in custody, abuse and neglect hearings involving their grandchildren.
House Bill 99, by Rep. Lesil McGuire, an Anchorage Republican, which calls for student conflict resolution strategies to be part of state-mandated school safety programs.