In 1900, a fracas erupted on the Nome waterfront, after the captain of the Skookum delivered several hundred head of cattle by dumping the animals into the water, forcing them to swim to shore.
In 1903, the final connection was made in the Trans-Alaska Telegraph System at the Salcha River.
In 1915, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Alaska was 100 degrees Fahrenheit in Fort Yukon.
In 1929, Albert Voight of Los Angeles arrived in Juneau to complete preparations for a 9,000-mile voyage to New York in a combination walrus hide and rubber rowboat, using sails and paddles for power.
In 1940, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Air Field were activated near Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill.
In 1847, New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
In 1893, the New York stock market crashed.
In 1942, the FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from a submarine on New York's Long Island.
In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane "Audrey" slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
In 1969, patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clashed with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement.
In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.
In 1980, President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.
In the world
In 1950, President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the U.N. Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.
In 1993, Iraqis pulled their dead from the rubble of buildings wrecked by U.S. missiles during an early morning raid ordered by President Clinton in reprisal for a reputed assassination plot against former President Bush.
In 2002, in a landmark church-state decision, the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that tuition vouchers were constitutional.