This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, June 27, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1900, a fracas erupted on the Nome waterfront, after the captain of the Skookum delivered several hundred head of cattle by dumping the animals into the water, forcing them to swim to shore.

• In 1903, the final connection was made in the Trans-Alaska Telegraph System at the Salcha River.

• In 1915, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Alaska was 100 degrees Fahrenheit in Fort Yukon.

• In 1929, Albert Voight of Los Angeles arrived in Juneau to complete preparations for a 9,000-mile voyage to New York in a combination walrus hide and rubber rowboat, using sails and paddles for power.

• In 1939, the first shipment of Matanuska Maid products, consisting of cheeses and meats, arrived in Fairbanks.

• In 1940, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Air Field were activated near Anchorage.

• In 1959, Japan Airlines opened its new direct trans-Pacific service with a refueling stop in Anchorage.

In the nation

• In 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill.

• In 1847, New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.

• In 1893, the New York stock market crashed.

• In 1942, the FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from a submarine on New York's Long Island.

• In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.

• In 1969, patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clashed with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement.

• In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.

• In 1977, the Supreme Court struck down state laws and bar association rules that had prohibited lawyers from advertising their fees for routine services.

• In 1980, President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.

• In 1984, the Supreme Court ended the National Collegiate Athletic Association's monopoly on controlling college football telecasts, ruling such control violated antitrust law.

• In 1994, President Clinton replaced White House chief of staff Mack McLarty with budget director Leon Panetta.

• In 1999, Juli Inkster shot a 6-under 65 to win the LPGA Championship, becoming the second woman to win the modern career Grand Slam. The first was Pat Bradley. The Seattle Mariners beat the Texas Rangers 5-2 in the final game at the Kingdome.

• In 2003, more than 735,000 phone numbers were registered on the first day of a national do-not-call list aimed at blocking unwelcome solicitations from telemarketers.

In the world

• In 1950, President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the U.N. Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.

• In 1994, U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian boat people on the high seas in one of the busiest single days since refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.

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