In 1900, a fracas erupted on the Nome waterfront, after the captain of the Skookum delivered several hundred head of cattle by dumping the animals into the water, forcing them to swim to shore.
In 1903, the final connection was made in the Trans-Alaska Telegraph System at the Salcha River.
In 1915, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Alaska was 100 degrees Fahrenheit in Fort Yukon.
In 1929, Albert Voight of Los Angeles arrived in Juneau to complete preparations for a 9,000-mile voyage to New York in a combination walrus hide and rubber rowboat, using sails and paddles for power.
In 1939, the first shipment of Matanuska Maid products, consisting of cheeses and meats, arrived in Fairbanks.
In 1940, Fort Richardson and Elmendorf Air Field were activated near Anchorage.
In 1959, Japan Airlines opened its new direct trans-Pacific service with a refueling stop in Anchorage.
In the nation
In 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill.
In 1847, New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
In 1893, the New York stock market crashed.
In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane "Audrey" slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
In 1969, patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clashed with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement.
In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.
In 1980, President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.
In 1985, the legendary Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, Calif., passed into history as officials decertified the road.
In 1995, the space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a historic flight to link up with Russia's space station Mir and bring home American astronaut Norman Thagard. The San Francisco Chronicle received a message from the Unabomber threatening to blow up a plane by the July 4 weekend. The Unabomber later called the threat a prank.
In 2000, House Republicans cut a deal to allow direct sales of U.S. food to Cuba for the first time in four decades.
In the world
In 1944, during World War II, American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans.
In 1950, President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the U.N. Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.
In 2000, President Robert Mugabe's ruling party was assured a majority in Zimbabwe's new parliament despite historic gains by the opposition.
In 2004, NATO leaders meeting in Turkey closed ranks on a pledge to take a bigger military role in Iraq; President Bush declared that the alliance was poised to "meet the threats of the 21st century." Insurgents threatened to behead Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun, a U.S. Marine who'd vanished in Iraq, in a videotaped that aired on Arab television. However, Hassoun contacted American officials in his native Lebanon the following month; after being reunited with his family in Utah, Hassoun disappeared last December.