This Day in History

Posted: Monday, June 28, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1905, en route to a stack fire, the Nome fire department wagon sank up to its axles in mud on Second Avenue. Meanwhile, a neighbor extinguished the blaze.

• In 1928, a fire at Hyder destroyed much of the business district.

• In 1949, territorial employment officials reported that 845 persons were unemployed in Fairbanks, the highest number of unemployed on record at that time. U.S. Treasury officials warned that counterfeit $20 bills were being circulated in Fairbanks and elsewhere in the Territory. The Alaska Fisherman's Union and the Cook Inlet Cannery Workers Union went on strike in Seldovia and Kenai.

• In 1979, heavy rains in Atigun Pass caused crude oil spilled from a crack in the pipeline to overflow a containment dike and surge back into the Atigun River.

In the nation

• In 1778, Molly Pitcher (Mary Ludwig Hays) carried water to American soldiers at the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth, N.J.

• In 1904, 100 years ago, blind-deaf student Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College.

• In 1944, the Republican national convention in Chicago nominated New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president and Ohio Gov. John W. Bricker for vice president.

• In 1951, a T.V. version of the radio program "Amos 'N' Andy" premiered on CBS. While criticized for racial stereotyping, it was the first network T.V. series to feature an all-black cast.

• In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California at Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who'd argued he was a victim of reverse racial discrimination.

• In 1994, President Clinton became the first chief executive in U.S. history to set up a personal legal defense fund and ask Americans to contribute to it.

• In 1996, The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.

• In 1999, announcing even bigger projected budget surpluses, President Clinton said the government could drastically reduce the national debt while still buttressing Social Security and Medicare.

In the world

• In 1838, Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

• In 1914, Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serb nationalist - the event which triggered World War I.

• In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World War I.

• In 1950, North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

• In 1994, North and South Korea set July 25-27 as the dates for a historic summit between the leaders of both countries. The summit was derailed by the death of North Korean President Kim Il Sung the following month.

• In 2003, after days of intense searching by ground and air, U.S. forces found the bodies of two soldiers missing north of Baghdad, as the toll of American dead since the start of war topped the grim milestone of 200.

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