In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1905, en route to a stack fire, the Nome fire department wagon sank up to its axles in mud on Second Avenue. Meanwhile, a neighbor extinguished the blaze.
In 1928, a fire at Hyder destroyed much of the business district.
In 1949, Territorial employment officials reported that 845 people were unemployed in Fairbanks, the highest number of unemployed on record at that time.
In 1949, U.S. Treasury officials warned that counterfeit $20 bills were being circulated in Fairbanks and elsewhere in the territory. The Alaska Fisherman's Union and the Cook Inlet Cannery Workers Union went on strike in Seldovia and Kenai.
In 1979, heavy rains in Atigun Pass caused crude oil spilled from a crack in the pipeline to overflow a containment dike and surge back into the Atigun River.
In the nation
In 1778, the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth took place in New Jersey; it was from this battle that the legend of "Molly Pitcher" arose, although her actual existence is a matter of historical debate.
In 1939, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic air service.
In 1944, the Republican national convention in Chicago nominated New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president and Ohio Gov. John W. Bricker for vice president.
In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California-Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who argued he'd been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.
In 1996, the Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.
In 1997, President Clinton, unable to meet his own July 4 deadline for campaign finance reform, blamed the inaction on Congress in his weekly radio address. In a wild rematch, Evander Holyfield retained the WBA heavyweight boxing championship after his opponent, Mike Tyson, was disqualified for biting Holyfield's ear during the third round of their fight in Las Vegas.
In 2002, Xerox Corp. announced it had improperly reported $1.9 billion in revenue over the previous five years and would restate those financial results.
In 2006, "Miracle on Ice" coach Herb Brooks and Patrick Roy, the NHL's winningest goaltender, were among four honorees elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame. Star Jones Reynolds was booted from "The View," one day after surprising ABC and Barbara Walters by saying on the air that she wouldn't be returning to the daytime talk show in the fall.
In the world
In 1838, Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serb nationalist - the event that triggered World War I.
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World War I.
In 1950, North Korean forces captured Seoul, the capital of South Korea.
In 2002, WorldCom Inc. began laying off 17,000 employees worldwide after disclosing accounting irregularities that later forced it into bankruptcy protection.