This Day in History

Posted: Friday, June 29, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1900, the cities of Juneau and Skagway were incorporated as Alaska's initial first-class, home-rule cities by order of the U.S. District Court. Nome's clocks were adjusted after M.J. Reddy took a sighting on the sun and found that Nome's clocks had been about an hour slow. Two deputy marshalls arrested Nome saloon owner Wyatt Earp, who was accused of interfering with an officer. Earp claimed his actions had been misconstrued, and was released.

• In 1929, after being delayed by weather, the new Alaska Washington Airways seaplane Ketchikan arrived in Juneau on its maiden voyage.

• In 1939, President Franklin Roosevelt signed a bill that included funds for a Tanana River-Chena Slough Flood Control project. A portable radio station was installed at Bell Island Hot Springs to enable Gov. John Troy, who was vacationing there, to keep in touch with Juneau.

• In 1959, the Anchorage Symphony Association was formally organized. Two lawyers were assigned by the U.S. Department of the Interior to help Southeast Alaska Natives in their legal battles over the use of fishtraps, recently outlawed by the state.

• In 1978, Wood-Tikchik State Park was established.

In the nation

• In 1776, the Virginia state constitution was adopted, and Patrick Henry made governor.

• In 1972, the Supreme Court, in Furman v. Georgia, ruled the death penalty, as it was being meted out, could constitute "cruel and unusual punishment." (The ruling prompted states to revise their capital punishment laws.)

• In 2002, President Bush transferred his presidential powers to Vice President Dick Cheney for more than two hours during a routine colon screening that ended in a clean bill of health.

• In 2006, the Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that President Bush's plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violated U.S. and international law. The government announced it had recovered a stolen laptop computer and hard drive with sensitive data on up to 26.5 million veterans and military personnel.

In the world

• In 1767, the British Parliament approved the Townshend Acts, which imposed import duties on certain goods shipped to America. (Colonists bitterly protested, prompting Parliament in 1770 to repeal the duties on all goods - except tea.)

• In 1946, authorities in the British Mandate of Palestine arrested more than 2,700 Jews in an attempt to stamp out extremists.

• In 1954, the Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer's access to classified information.

• In 1966, the United States bombed fuel storage facilities near the North Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong.

• In 1967, Jerusalem was reunified as Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.

• In 1970, the United States ended a two-month military offensive into Cambodia.

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