This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, June 30, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1900, seven were elected to Juneau's first city council. One member, A. K. Delaney, was elected the capital's first mayor.

• In 1923, the U.S. Land Office closed at Juneau and moved to Anchorage.

• In 1929, new fishery regulations issued by the Department of Commerce prohibited all trap fishing for salmon in Southeast Alaska during the fall season.

• In 1958, the U.S. Senate passed the Alaska Statehood Bill by a vote of 64 to 20.

• In 1973, the first Alaska Airlines jet landed at the new Ketchikan International Airport.

• In 1976, the Klondike Gold Rush National Historic Park was established.

In the nation

• In 1906, the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act became law.

• In 1921, President Harding appointed former President Taft chief justice of the United States.

• In 1936, the novel "Gone with the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell was published.

• In 1952, "The Guiding Light," a popular radio program, made its TV debut on CBS.

• In 1971, the 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the minimum voting age to 18, was ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it.

• In 1995, President Clinton, speaking in Chicago, proposed an even tighter ban on armor-piercing handgun ammunition known as "cop-killer" bullets.

• In 2000, an Arkansas Supreme Court committee sued President Clinton to strip him of his law license. Clinton later agreed to pay a fine and give up his law license for five years.

• In 2004, a federal appeals court approved an antitrust settlement Microsoft had negotiated with the Justice Department.

In the world

• In 1859, French acrobat Blondin (born Jean Francois Gravelet) crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope as 5,000 spectators watched.

• In 1934, Adolf Hitler began his "blood purge" of political and military leaders in Germany.

• In 1963, Pope Paul VI was crowned the 262nd head of the Roman Catholic Church.

• In 1971, a Soviet space mission ended in tragedy when three cosmonauts aboard Soyuz 11 were found dead inside their spacecraft after it had returned to Earth.

• In 1984, John Turner was sworn in as Canada's 17th prime minister, succeeding Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

• In 1985, 39 American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner were freed in Beirut after being held 17 days.

• In 1995, in a stunning Kremlin purge, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired three top security ministers for the botched handling of a bloody hostage-taking by Chechen rebels in southern Russia.

• In 2004, the Iraqis took legal custody of Saddam Hussein and 11 of his top lieutenants, a first step toward the ousted dictator's expected trial for crimes against humanity. After nearly seven years of travel, the international Cassini spacecraft entered Saturn's orbit.

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