In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1925, Karl Thiele took office as the first full-time secretary of Alaska, the territorial version of a lieutenant governor.
In 1939, the U.S. Coast Guard announced that it was revamping its structure and was merging with the Lighthouse Service and the Steamboat Inspection Service.
In 1946, a bill raising the territorial bounty on wolves from $20 to $30 and on coyotes from $17.50 to $25 took effect.
In 1949, the U.S. Coast Guard established Alaska as the 17th Coast Guard district with headquarters in Juneau.
In 1959, state licenses were required for sport fishing, hunting and trapping. Gov. William Egan was issued license No. 1.
In 1966, the then-largest civil case in the history of Alaska was filed in Anchorage. In dispute were shifted property boundaries resulting from the Good Friday earthquake of March 27, 1964.
In 1969, Bristol Bay's striking fishermen blockaded the mouth of the Naknek River to keep non-striking boats from moving out to fishing grounds. The Southeast Alaska Correctional Institution at Lemon Creek in Juneau was dedicated.
In 1972, the United States made its first payment of $500,000 to each of 12 Alaska Native Regional corporations. The payments finally totalled $462.5 million as authorized by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. The U.S. Naval Station and the Naval Communications Station at Kodiak were turned over to the Coast Guard for operation. The North Slope Borough was established.
In the nation
In 1863, the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, resulting in a Union victory, began in Pennsylvania.
In 1932, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for president at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
In 1946, the United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
In 1987, President Ronald Reagan nominated federal appeals court judge Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court, setting off a tempestuous confirmation process that ended with Bork's rejection by the Senate.
In 1991, President Bush nominated federal appeals court judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, beginning an ultimately successful confirmation process marked by allegations of sexual harassment.
In the world
In 1867, Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act took effect.
In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, U.S. forces, including Theodore Roosevelt's "Rough Riders," waged a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.
In 1957, the International Geophysical Year, an 18-month global scientific study, began.
In 1968, the U.S., Britain, the Soviet Union and nearly 60 other nations signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
In 1980, "O Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.
In 1997, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese rule after 156 years as a British colony.
In 2002, the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal came into existence. A U.S. Air Force gunship attacked several villages in Afghanistan, killing 48 civilians, according to Afghan officials. A Russian passenger jet collided with a cargo plane over southern Germany, killing all 69 people on the Russian plane, and the two cargo jet pilots. Chile's Supreme Court ruled that former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was suffering from dementia and dropped all charges against him for human rights violations during his regime.
In 2006, thunderstorms forced NASA to call off the launch of Discovery, delaying the first space shuttle flight in a year. (Discovery was launched three days later, on July 4.) A car bomb exploded at an outdoor market in a Shiite district of Baghdad, killing more than 60 people.