In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1913, a bill to create the Alaska Railroad was introduced in the U.S. Senate.
In 1954, the Bureau of Indian Affairs approved construction of a school at the Yukon-Kuskoquim delta village of Alakanuk. Fire caused $50,000 damage to the Aleutian Bowling Lanes in Anchorage.
In 1968, grocery workers of the Retail Clerks Union called a strike that closed some Anchorage-area grocery stores.
In the nation
In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."
In 1807, in the wake of the Chesapeake incident, in which the crew of a British frigate boarded an American ship and forcibly removed four suspected deserters, President Thomas Jefferson ordered all British ships to vacate U.S. territorial waters.
In 1881, President James Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)
In 1926, the U.S. Army Air Corps was created.
In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot and killed himself at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
In 1964, President Lyndon Baines Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.
In 1987, 18 illegal aliens were found dead inside a locked boxcar near Sierra Blanca, Texas, in what authorities called a botched smuggling attempt; a 19th man survived.
In 1994, a U.S. Air DC-9 crashed in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard.
In the world
In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.