This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 02, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1913, a bill to create the Alaska Railroad was introduced in the U.S. Senate.

• In 1954, the Bureau of Indian Affairs approved construction of a school at the Yukon-Kuskoquim delta village of Alakanuk. Fire caused $50,000 damage to the Aleutian Bowling Lanes in Anchorage.

• In 1968, grocery workers of the Retail Clerks Union called a strike that closed some Anchorage-area grocery stores.

In the nation

• In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."

• In 1807, in the wake of the Chesapeake incident, in which the crew of a British frigate boarded an American ship and forcibly removed four suspected deserters, President Thomas Jefferson ordered all British ships to vacate U.S. territorial waters.

• In 1881, President James Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)

• In 1926, the U.S. Army Air Corps was created.

• In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot and killed himself at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.

• In 1964, President Lyndon Baines Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.

• In 1987, 18 illegal aliens were found dead inside a locked boxcar near Sierra Blanca, Texas, in what authorities called a botched smuggling attempt; a 19th man survived.

• In 1994, a U.S. Air DC-9 crashed in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard.

In the world

• In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.

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