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In 1900, Capt. Frank Tuttle of the R/V Bear reported that a measles epidemic had killed many Eskimos along the western coast of the Seward Peninsula.
In 1913, the first airplane flight in Alaska was made by Capt. J.V. Martin at Fairbanks.
In 1950, the Liberty Bell reproduction was dedicated in front of the Federal Building in Juneau, now the Capitol Building.
In 1986, the port for the Red Dog Zinc Mine near Kotzebue was dedicated.
In the nation
In 1775, Gen. George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass.
In 1863, the three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., ended in a major victory for the North as Confederate troops retreated.
In 1890, Idaho became the 43rd state of the Union.
In 1930, Congress created the U.S. Veterans Administration.
In 1986, President Reagan presided over a gala ceremony in New York Harbor that saw the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
In 1996, a blaze destroyed a fireworks store in Scottown, Ohio, filled with Fourth of July shoppers, killing nine people and injuring 11.
In the world
In 1608, the city of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.
In 1898, the U.S. Navy defeated a Spanish fleet in the harbor at Santiago, Cuba, during the Spanish-American War.
In 1962, Algeria became independent after 132 years of French rule.
In 1976, Israel launched its daring mission to rescue about 100 passengers and Air France crew members being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers.
In 1996, Russians went to the polls to re-elect Boris Yeltsin president over his Communist challenger, Gennady Zyuganov, in a runoff.
In 2001, flashing the defiance that marked his 13 years in power, former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic refused to enter a plea on war crimes charges in his first appearance before a U.N. tribunal at The Hague. General Electric's $41 billion purchase of Honeywell International was vetoed by the European Union - the first time a merger of two U.S. companies was stopped solely by European regulators.
In 2005, A NASA space probe, Deep Impact, hit its comet target as planned in a mission to learn how the solar system formed. Saudi security forces killed Moroccan Younis Mohammed Ibrahim al-Hayari, the al-Qaida terrorist group's leader in the country, during a gun battle in Riyadh. Roger Federer won his third consecutive Wimbledon title by beating Andy Roddick 6-2, 7-6 (2), 6-4.