This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, July 05, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1884, Ward McAllister Jr. took office as the first U.S. District Judge in Alaska.

• In 1923, the minesweeper Cardinal, on a supply voyage to Navy wireless stations, was wrecked on Chicahgof Island in Southeast Alaska.

• In 1934, the Alaska-Juneau Gold Mining Company established a 6-day work week and an increase of salaries by 35 a day, on top of a 50 increase made on the first of June.

• In 1954, a three-man climbing team, led by Austrian Heinrich Harrer, successfully made the first ascent of Mount Hunter, near Mt. McKinley. The peak is 14,573-feet high and is the 15th tallest in Alaska.

• In 1968, the Alaska State Community Action Program won a $46,000 grant to acquire surplus military heavy equipment for use in Alaska's villages.

• In 1969, nine angry property owners blocked a bridge across the Matanuska River in protest of a toll charged by the owner of a private park at the base of the Matanuska Glacier.

In the nation

• In 1935, President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, which provided for a National Labor Relations Board, and authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.

• In 1947, Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.

• In 1954, Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn.; the song he recorded was "That's All Right (Mama)."

• In 1975, Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors.

• In 1995, more than 100 Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were gathered collapsed at a campground near Wentzville, Mo.

In the world

• In 1811, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.

• In 1830, the French occupied the North African city of Algiers.

• In 1865, William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.

• In 1940, during World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.

• In 1946, the bikini made its debut during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris.

• In 1975, the Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.

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