In 1884, Ward McAllister Jr. took office as the first U.S. District Judge in Alaska.
In 1923, the minesweeper Cardinal, on a supply voyage to Navy wireless stations, was wrecked on Chicahgof Island in Southeast Alaska.
In 1934, the Alaska-Juneau Gold Mining Company established a 6-day work week and an increase of salaries by 35 a day, on top of a 50 increase made on the first of June.
In 1954, a three-man climbing team, led by Austrian Heinrich Harrer, successfully made the first ascent of Mount Hunter, near Mt. McKinley. The peak is 14,573-feet high and is the 15th tallest in Alaska.
In 1968, the Alaska State Community Action Program won a $46,000 grant to acquire surplus military heavy equipment for use in Alaska's villages.
In 1969, nine angry property owners blocked a bridge across the Matanuska River in protest of a toll charged by the owner of a private park at the base of the Matanuska Glacier.
In the nation
In 1935, President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act, which provided for a National Labor Relations Board, and authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.
In 1947, Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
In 1954, Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn.; the song he recorded was "That's All Right (Mama)."
In 1975, Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors.
In 1995, more than 100 Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were gathered collapsed at a campground near Wentzville, Mo.
In the world
In 1811, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
In 1830, the French occupied the North African city of Algiers.
In 1865, William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
In 1940, during World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
In 1946, the bikini made its debut during an outdoor fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris.
In 1975, the Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
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