In 1911, the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention was signed.
In 1936, the 10-line cannery of the Bristol Bay Packing Co. at Naknek was destroyed by fire.
In 1949, four men escaped from the Fairbanks jail by sawing through the bars.
In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill into law.
In the nation
In 1846, U.S. annexation of California was proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.
In 1865, four people were hanged in Washington for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Lincoln.
In 1896, the Democratic national convention opened in Chicago.
In 1898, the United States annexed Hawaii.
In 1930, construction began on Boulder Dam (later Hoover Dam).
In 1949, the police drama "Dragnet," starring Jack Webb and Barton Yarborough, premiered on NBC radio.
In 1954, Elvis Presley made his radio debut as Memphis, Tenn., station WHBQ played his first recording for Sun Records, "That's All Right (Mama)."
In 1958, President Eisenhower signed the Alaska statehood bill.
In 1981, President Reagan announced he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1998, a jury in Santa Monica, Calif., convicted Mikail Markhasev of murdering Ennis Cosby, Bill Cosby's only son, during a roadside robbery. The American League defeated the National League 13-8 in baseball's All-Star Game, played in Denver.
In 2002, Texas Gov. Rick Perry saw by helicopter the devastation that days of torrential rain had brought to central and southern Texas. Lleyton Hewitt crushed David Nalbandian in straight sets, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2, in the Wimbledon final to win his second Grand Slam title.
In the world
In 1969, Canada's House of Commons gave final approval to a measure making the French language equal to English throughout the national government.
In 1983, 11-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
In 1993, the Group of Seven nations, on the first day of their economic summit in Tokyo, unveiled a long-sought agreement on world trade. Prior to the summit opening, President Clinton delivered a speech at Waseda University.
In 1998, imprisoned Nigerian opposition leader Moshood Abiola died of what the government said was a heart attack.
In 2002, Afghanistan's vice president, Abdul Qadir, was buried with full military honors one day after being assassinated.