In 1911, the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention was signed.
In 1936, the 10-line cannery of the Bristol Bay Packing Co. at Naknek was destroyed by fire.
In 1949, four men escaped from the Fairbanks jail by sawing through the bars.
In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Bill into law.
In the nation
In 1865, four people were hanged in Washington, D.C., for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Lincoln.
In 1896, the Democratic national convention opened in Chicago.
In 1898, the United States annexed Hawaii.
In 1908, the Democratic National Convention opened in Denver.
In 1930, construction began on Boulder Dam (later Hoover Dam).
In 1948, six female reservists became the first women to be sworn into the regular U.S. Navy.
In 1981, President Reagan announced he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1983, 11-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
In 1998, a jury in Santa Monica, Calif., convicted Mikhail Markhasev of murdering Ennis Cosby, Bill Cosby's only son, during a roadside robbery. (Markhasev was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole.)
In 2003, a chunk of foam insulation fired at shuttle wing parts blew open a gaping 16-inch hole, yielding what one member of the Columbia investigation team said was the "smoking gun" proving what brought down the spaceship.
In 2007, a 24-hour music marathon spanning seven continents reached the Western Hemisphere with rappers, rockers and country stars taking the stage at Live Earth concerts to fight climate change.
In the world
In 1807, Napoleon I of France and Czar Alexander I of Russia signed a treaty at Tilsit ending war between their empires.
In 1998, imprisoned Nigerian opposition leader Moshood Abiola died of what the government said was a heart attack.
In 2005, suicide terrorist bombings in three Underground stations and a double-decker bus killed 52 victims and four bombers in the worst attack on London since World War II.
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