In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1921, the newspaper Douglas Island News moved to Juneau and changed its name to Stroller's Weekly.
In 1953, Mount Spurr erupted, covering Anchorage with ash and halting air traffic.
In 1958, an earthquake measuring 8.0 hit Southeast Alaska, altering the ocean bottom and creating a tidal wave that washed through Lituya Bay.
In the nation
In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was read aloud to Gen. George Washington's troops in New York.
In 1896, William Jennings Bryan delivered his famous "cross of gold" speech at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
In 1918, 101 people were killed in a train collision in Nashville, Tenn.
In 1951, President Harry Truman asked Congress to formally end the state of war between the U.S. and Germany.
In 1982, a Pan Am Boeing 727 crashed in Kenner, La., killing all 145 people aboard and eight people on the ground.
In 1986, the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography released the final draft of its report, which linked hard-core porn to sex crimes.
In 1997, boxer Mike Tyson was banned from the ring and fined $3 million for biting opponent Evander Holyfield's ear.
In 2002, the Senate voted to entomb thousands of tons of radioactive waste inside Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert, rejecting the state's fervent protests. Speaking in New York, President Bush called for doubled prison terms and aggressive policing to combat fraud and corruption in corporate America. To the boos of disappointed fans, the All-Star game in Milwaukee finished in a 7-7 tie after 11 innings when both teams ran out of pitchers.
In 2006, Roger Federer ended a five-match losing streak to Rafael Nadal, winning 6-0, 7-6 (5), 6-7 (2), 6-3 to earn his fourth straight Wimbledon title.
In the world
In 1540, England's King Henry VIII had his six-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.
In 1816, Argentina declared independence from Spain.
In 1944, during World War II, American forces secured Saipan as the last Japanese defenses fell.
In 1947, the engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.
In 1997, leaders of 16 NATO nations met with 25 other countries in an unprecedented security summit in Madrid, Spain.
In 2002, African leaders launched the African Union, an ambitious new body intended to pull the beleaguered continent out of poverty and conflict.
In 2006, a Russian Airbus A310 crashed in the Siberian city of Irkutsk, killing at least 125 of 203 people on board. In a penalty-plagued final, Italy won the World Cup soccer title with a penalty shootout over France.