In 1786, the French explorer, LaPerouse, lost two boat crews in the entrance of Lituya Bay.
In 1948, nine members of an American Youth Hostel bicycle camping tour of Alaska left Anchorage for Palmer. They each carried 25-30 pounds of gear on lightweight "English-type" bikes.
In 1954, Standard Oil of California applied for an oil development contract for the Kenai Peninsula with the Department of the Interior. The first batch of 150,000 rainbow trout eggs were placed in the then-new Auke Creek Hatchery near Juneau. The hatchery was built by the Territorial Sportsmen Association.
In the nation
In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
In 1863, deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City.
In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.
In 1967, race-related rioting that claimed 27 lives broke out in Newark, N.J.
In 1974, the Senate Watergate Committee proposed reforms in an effort to prevent another such scandal.
In 1977, a blackout lasting 25 hours hit the New York area.
In 1978, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.
In 1993, the American League defeated the National League in the All-Star Game, 9-3, in Baltimore.
In 1998, a jury in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., ruled that the Rev. Al Sharpton and two others had defamed a former prosecutor by accusing him of raping Tawana Brawley. Four young cousins in Gallup, N.M., died after becoming trapped in a car trunk.
In 2002, the nation's governors opened their summer meeting in Boise, Idaho, with high health care costs the main topic.
In the world
In 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
In 1886, Father Edward Joseph Flanagan, the founder of Boys Town, was born in Roscommon, Ireland.
In 1979, a 45-hour siege by Palestinian guerrillas began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey.