In 1786, French explorer LaPerouse lost two boat crews in the entrance of Lituya Bay.
In 1954, Standard Oil of California applied for an oil development contract for the Kenai Peninsula with the Department of the Interior. The first batch of 150,000 rainbow trout eggs were placed in the then-new Auke Creek Hatchery near Juneau. The hatchery was built by the Territorial Sportsmen Association.
In the nation
In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
In 1863, deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City.
In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.
In 1967, race-related rioting that claimed 27 lives broke out in Newark, N.J.
In 1974, the Senate Watergate Committee proposed sweeping reforms in an effort to prevent another Watergate scandal.
In 1977, a blackout lasting 25 hours hit the New York City area.
In 1978, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford II.
In 1994, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, Jeff Gillooly, was sentenced in Portland, Ore., to two years in prison for his role in the attack on Nancy Kerrigan (he ended up serving six months).
In the world
In 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
In 1886, Father Edward Joseph Flanagan, the founder of Boys Town, was born in Roscommon, Ireland.
In 1979, a 45-hour siege by Palestinian guerrillas began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey.
In 1999, in Tehran, police fired tear gas to disperse 10,000 demonstrators on the sixth day of protests against Iranian hard-liners.