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In 1786, French explorer LaPerouse lost two boat crews in the entrance of Lituya Bay.
In 1948, nine members of an American Youth Hostel bicycle camping tour of Alaska left Anchorage for Palmer. They each carried 25-30 pounds of gear on lightweight "English-type" bikes.
In 1954, Standard Oil of California applied for an oil development contract for the Kenai Peninsula with the Department of the Interior. The first batch of 150,000 rainbow trout eggs were placed in the then-new Auke Creek Hatchery near Juneau. The hatchery was built by the Territorial Sportsmen Association.
In the nation
In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
In 1863, deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City.
In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.
In 1967, race-related rioting that claimed 27 lives broke out in Newark, N.J.
In 1977, a blackout lasting 25 hours hit the New York City area.
In 1978, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.
In 1996, after battering the Carolina coast, the weakened remnants of Hurricane Bertha moved north, spawning tornadoes and dumping rain from Maryland to Massachusetts.
In 2001, a judge in San Jose, Calif., sentenced Andrew Burnett, the man who'd tossed a fluffy little dog to its death in a bout of road rage, to the maximum three years behind bars.
In 2005, former WorldCom Inc. boss Bernard Ebbers was sentenced to 25 years in prison for leading the largest corporate fraud in U.S. history. A fuel gauge that mistakenly read full instead of empty forced NASA to call off the first shuttle launch in 212 years.
In the world
In 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.
In 1979, a 45-hour siege by Palestinian guerrillas began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey.
In 1985, "Live Aid," an international rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscow and Sydney, took place to raise money for Africa's starving people.
In 2001, Beijing was awarded the 2008 Olympics.
In 2005, a suicide car bomb exploded next to U.S. troops handing out candy and toys in Iraq, killing more than two dozen people, including 18 children and teenagers and an American soldier.