This Day in History

Posted: Friday, July 13, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1786, the French explorer, LaPerouse, lost two boat crews in the entrance of Lituya Bay.

• In 1948, nine members of an American Youth Hostel bicycle camping tour of Alaska left Anchorage for Palmer. They each carried 25-30 pounds of gear on lightweight "English-type" bikes.

• In 1954, Standard Oil of California applied for an oil development contract for the Kenai Peninsula with the Department of the Interior. The first batch of 150,000 rainbow trout eggs were placed in the then-new Auke Creek Hatchery near Juneau. The hatchery was built by the Territorial Sportsmen Association.

In the nation

• In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.

• In 1863, deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupted in New York City.

• In 1960, John F. Kennedy won the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles.

• In 1967, race-related rioting that claimed some two dozen lives broke out in Newark, N.J.

• In 1972, George McGovern claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Miami Beach, Fla.

• In 1977, a blackout lasting 25 hours hit the New York City area.

• In 1978, Lee Iacocca was fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.

• In 1985, "Live Aid," an international rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscow and Sydney, took place to raise money for Africa's starving people.

• In 2002, the nation's governors opened their summer meeting in Boise, Idaho, with high health care costs the main topic.

• In 2006, former CIA officer Valerie Plame sued Vice President Dick Cheney, presidential adviser Karl Rove and other White House officials, saying they orchestrated a "whispering campaign" to destroy her career.

In the world

• In 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean-Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, who was executed four days later.

• In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amended the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.

• In 1997, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright returned to her Jewish roots in the Czech Republic, finding the names of family members killed by the Nazis inscribed on a Prague synagogue wall. (News reports revealed that Albright, who had been raised a Roman Catholic, had Jewish relatives, many of whom had died in the Holocaust.)

• In 2006, Israel imposed a naval blockade against Lebanon and blasted the Beirut airport and army air bases; Hezbollah fired dozens of rockets into Israel.

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