In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1868, the U.S. House approved funds to buy Alaska by a vote of 113 to 43.
In 1954, dedication ceremonies were held at the Ketchikan Pulp Mill, the first large pulp mill in Alaska. A 40,000-acre fire near Healy was reported out of control. Severe flooding damaged a 100-mile section of the Alaska Highway near the Haines cut-off.
In the nation
In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the United States government.
In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry relayed to Japanese officials a letter from President Fillmore, requesting trade relations. (Fillmore's term of office had already expired by the time the letter was delivered.)
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias "Billy the Kid," was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, N.M.
In 1908, the short film "The Adventures of Dollie," the first movie directed by D.W. Griffith, opened in New York.
In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.
In 1966, eight student nurses were murdered by Richard Speck in a Chicago dormitory.
In 2003, President Bush, facing questions about his credibility, said the United States was working overtime to prove Saddam Hussein was developing weapons of mass destruction before the United States invaded Iraq.
In 2007, former presidents, fellow first ladies and about 1,800 other people attended a private funeral in Austin, Texas, for Lady Bird Johnson, the widow of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
In the world
In 1789, during the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.
In 1958, the army of Iraq overthrew the monarchy.
In 1978, Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky was convicted of treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet agitation, and sentenced to 13 years at hard labor. (Sharansky was released in 1986.)
In 1998, Northern Ireland said a tear-filled farewell to Richard, Mark and Jason Quinn, three young brothers burned to death in a sectarian attack in Ballymoney that came as they slept.
In 2003, Iraq's new governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to represent Baghdad on the world stage.
In 2007, North Korea told the United States it had shut down its nuclear reactor, hours after a ship cruised into port loaded with oil promised in return for the country's pledge to disarm.