This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 17, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1948, an extra charge of $10 at the house of Mayme Crystal in Anchorage caused a gun fray. One man was hospitalized and two women were charged with operating a bawdy house.

• In 1954, loggers in the Tongass National Forest were required to take measures to reduce forest fire hazard, due to minimal rainfall (2.62 inches of rain during the previous three months). Fishermen in Nushagak were in revolt over Fish & Wildlife restrictions and threatened to ignore the shortening of upcoming fishing openings.

• In 1971, Juneau's Bartlett Memorial Hospital officially opened.

• In 1973, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Act passed Congress on a 49-48 vote. The act prohibited any further judicial review and called for an immediate issuance of a pipeline construction permit. A move for reconsideration was defeated by the tie-breaking vote of Vice-President Spiro Agnew.

In the nation

• In 1821, Spain ceded Florida to the United States.

• In 1944, 322 people were killed when a pair of ammunition ships exploded in Port Chicago, Calif.

• In 1955, Disneyland debuted in Anaheim, Calif.

• In 1981, 114 people were killed when a pair of walkways above the lobby of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Hotel collapsed during a "tea dance."

• In 1986, White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan drew criticism for suggesting in an interview that American women would not be prepared to "give up all their jewelry" if the U.S. were to impose economic sanctions against South Africa.

• In 1996, TWA Flight 800, a Paris-bound Boeing 747, exploded and crashed off Long Island, N.Y., shortly after leaving John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people aboard.

In the world

• In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Spanish troops in Santiago, Cuba, surrendered to U.S. forces.

• In 1917, the British royal family adopted the name "Windsor."

• In 1945, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill began meeting at Potsdam, Germany, in the final Allied summit of World War II.

• In 1975, an Apollo spaceship docked with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit in the first superpower linkup of its kind.

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