In 1954, the Alaska Steamship Company announced it would discontinue passenger service at the end of the 1954 summer season.
In 1968, Bechtel Corporation, the nation's largest construction company, reported it had begun preparing a bid prospectus for an Arctic oil pipeline from the huge Prudhoe Bay oil field. It was reported a day earlier by the Atlantic Richfield Company.
In 1978, two container ships collided head on in fog south of Kodiak. There were no injuries. Gov. Jay Hammond sent out invitations to bid on Alaska's royalty share of Prudhoe Bay natural gas.
In the nation
In 1848, a pioneer women's rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, N.Y.
In 1969, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon.
In 1975, the Apollo and Soyuz space capsules, linked in orbit for two days, separated.
In 1984, Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro, D-N.Y., won the Democratic nomination for vice president by acclamation at the party's convention in San Francisco.
In 1989, 112 people were killed when a United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 184 other people survived.
In 1993, President Clinton announced a compromise allowing homosexuals to serve in the military, but only if they refrained from all homosexual activity.
In 1999, federal officials said radar data showed the plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr. dropped 1,100 feet in just 14 seconds. Senator Edward Kennedy released a statement saying, "We are filled with unspeakable grief and sadness by the loss of John and Carolyn and of Lauren Bessette."
In the world
In 1553, 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey was deposed as Queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. King Henry VIII's daughter Mary was proclaimed Queen.
In 1870, the Franco-Prussian war began.
In 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his "V for Victory" campaign in Europe.
In 1943, allied air forces raided Rome during World War II.
In 1979, the Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza had fled the country.
In 1994, a bomb ripped apart a Panama commuter plane, killing 21, including 12 Jews, a day after a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 95 people. Funeral services were held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who died July 8 at age 82.