In 1874, Earnest B. Collins, who became Speaker of the House in Alaska's first legislature, was born in California.
In 1954, the Alaska Steamship Co. announced it would discontinue passenger service at the end of the 1954 summer season.
In 1968, Bechtel Corp., the nation's largest construction company, reported it had begun preparing a bid prospectus for an Arctic oil pipeline from the huge Prudhoe Bay oil field, reported a day earlier by the Atlantic Richfield Company.
In 1978, two container ships collided head on in fog south of Kodiak. There were no injuries.
In 1978, Gov. Jay Hammond sent out invitations to bid on Alaska's royalty share of Prudhoe Bay natural gas.
In the nation
In 1848, a pioneer women's rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, N.Y.
In 1969, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon.
In 1975, the Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separated.
In 1984, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro, D-N.Y., won the Democratic nomination for vice president by acclamation at the party's convention in San Francisco.
In 1985, Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. McAuliffe and six other crew members died when Challenger exploded shortly after lift-off the following January.
In 1989, 112 people were killed when a United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa; 184 other people survived.
In 1995, President Clinton firmly rejected calls for dismantling affirmative action programs. The Dow Jones industrial average ended at 4,628.87, down 57.41 after plunging more than 130 points earlier in the session. A pair of House subcommittees held a joint hearing on the federal government's raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
In 2000, President Clinton shuttled between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and his own experts during peace talks at Camp David after delaying his departure for an economic summit in Japan.
In 2004, Mark Hacking of Salt Lake City shot and killed his wife, Lori, disposed of her remains, then reported her missing. He was later sentenced to six years to life in prison after pleading guilty to first-degree murder.
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