In 1929, Alaska Washington Airways initiated fly-in fishing service by taking a group to Hasselborg Lake on Admiralty Island.
In 1939, a fire consumed the Haines Power Plant, the post office, and a theater. The Chilkoot Barracks provided emergency electric power to Haines.
In the nation
In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Va.
In 1881, Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn, surrendered to federal troops.
In 1942, the first detachment of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, later known as WACs, began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
In 1944, President Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
In 1969, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first people to walk on the moon as they stepped out of their lunar module.
In 1976, America's Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.
In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pa., killing 80 people and causing $350 million worth of damage.
In 1990, U.S. Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan, one of the court's most liberal voices, announced he was stepping down.
In 1993, White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr. was found shot to death in a park near Washington, D.C., a suicide. A day after firing William Sessions as FBI director, President Clinton named federal judge Louis Freeh to replace him.
In 1998, a smoky fire broke out aboard the cruise ship Ecstasy just two miles from the Florida shore, forcing the ship's return to port.
In the world
In 1810, Colombia declared independence from Spain.
In 1871, British Columbia became a Canadian province.
In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed; the explosion at Hitler's Rastenburg headquarters only wounded the Nazi leader.
In 1998, Russia won an $11.2 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to help avert the devaluation of its currency.
In 2002, 29 people died in a blaze started by bartenders who were doing tricks with fire at Utopia, an unlicensed night club in Lima, Peru.