In 1929, Alaska Washington Airways initiated fly-in fishing service by taking a group to Hasselborg Lake on Admiralty Island.
In 1939, a fire consumed the Haines Power Plant, the Post Office and a theater. The Chilkoot Barracks provided emergency electric power to Haines.
In the nation
In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Va.
In 1881, Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since the Battle of the Little Big Horn, surrendered to federal troops.
In 1942, the first detachment of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps - later known as WACs - began basic training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
In 1969, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon as they stepped out of their lunar module.
In 1976, America's Viking One robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.
In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pa., killing 80 people and causing $350 million worth of damage.
In 1993, White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr. was found shot to death in a park near Washington, D.C. It was ruled a suicide.
In 1999, after 38 years at the bottom of the Atlantic, astronaut Gus Grissom's "Liberty Bell Seven" Mercury capsule was lifted to the surface.
In 2004, President Bush welcomed Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi to his Texas ranch for a two-day visit.
In the world
In 1810, Colombia declared independence from Spain.
In 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as a Canadian province.
In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed. The explosion at Hitler's Rastenburg headquarters only wounded the Nazi leader.
In 1994, Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the United States, Russia, France, Britain and Germany.
In 2004, Gen. John Abizaid, the top commander of coalition forces in Iraq, predicted that resistance to U.S. forces in Iraq would grow as progress was made in creating a new government to replace the dictatorial regime of Saddam Hussein. Ben Curtis, an unknown PGA Tour rookie in his first major championship, won the British Open.