In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1929, Alaska Washington Airways initiated fly-in fishing service by taking a group to Hasselborg Lake on Admiralty Island.
In 1939, a fire consumed the Haines Power Plant, the post office and a theater. The Chilkoot Barracks provided emergency electricity to Haines.
In the nation
In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States began holding sessions in Richmond, Va.
In 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt was nominated for an unprecedented fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pa., killing more than 80 people and causing $350 million in damage.
In 1997, seven people were arrested after New York City police found scores of deaf Mexicans who were being kept in slave-like conditions and forced to peddle trinkets for the smugglers who had brought them to the United States.
In 2006, President Bush, addressing the NAACP, said he knew racism existed in America and that many black voters distrusted his Republican Party; Bush promised to improve the GOP's rocky relations with blacks. The Senate voted 98-0 to renew the landmark 1965 Voting Rights Act for another quarter-century.
In the world
In 1810, Colombia declared independence from Spain.
In 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as a Canadian province.
In 1917, the draft lottery in World War I went into operation.
In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion at Hitler's Rastenburg headquarters only wounded the Nazi leader.