In 1885, Barton Atkins was appointed U.S. Marshall for Alaska, the second man to hold the office.
In 1959, the name of Knife Peak in the Katmai National Monument was changed to Mount Griggs in honor of the leader of six National Geographic Society expeditions to the area beginning in 1915.
In 1969, Gov. Keith Miller declared "Lunar Landing Day in Alaska" and gave stateworkers the day off in celebration of Apollo 11's successful landing on the moon.
In the nation
In 1861, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Va., resulting in a Confederate victory.
In 1899, author Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Ill. Poet Hart Crane was born in Garrettsville, Ohio.
In 1925, what's called the "Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes convicted of violating state law for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution. The conviction was later overturned.
In 1949, the U.S. Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.
In 1961, Captain Virgil "Gus" Grissom became the second American to rocket into a sub-orbital pattern around the Earth, flying aboard the Liberty Bell Seven.
In 1969, Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin blasted off from the moon aboard the lunar module.
In 1980, draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.
In 1994, former Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott died in Falls Church, Va., at age 93.
In 1999, Navy divers found the bodies of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and sister-in-law, Lauren Bessette, in the wreckage of Kennedy's plane in the Atlantic Ocean off Martha's Vineyard.
In 2002, telecommunications giant WorldCom Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection, about a month after disclosing it had inflated profits by nearly $4 billion through deceptive accounting.