This Day in History

Posted: Friday, July 21, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1885, Barton Atkins was appointed U.S. marshal for Alaska, the second man to hold the office.

• In 1959, the name of Knife Peak in the Katmai National Monument was changed to Mount Griggs in honor of the leader of six National Geographic Society expeditions to the area beginning in 1915.

• In 1969, Gov. Keith Miller declared "Lunar Landing Day in Alaska" and gave state workers the day off in celebration of Apollo 11's successful landing on the moon.

In the nation

• In 1861, the first Battle of Bull Run was fought at Manassas, Va., resulting in a Confederate victory.

• In 1925, the so-called "Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes convicted of violating state law for teaching Darwin's Theory of Evolution. (The conviction was later overturned.)

• In 1949, the U.S. Senate ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.

• In 1980, draft registration began in the United States for 19- and 20-year-old men.

• In 1996, dozens of memorial services were held across the country to remember the 230 people lost in the crash of TWA Flight 800. At the Atlanta Olympics, swimmer Tom Dolan gave the United States its first gold, in the 400-meter individual medley. The men's 800-meter freestyle relay team also won.

• In 2005, the House voted to extend the USA Patriot Act.

In the world

• In 1831, Belgium became independent as Leopold I was proclaimed King of the Belgians.

• In 1944, American forces landed on Guam during World War II.

• In 1954, the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into northern and southern entities.

• In 1955, during the Geneva summit, President Eisenhower presented his "open skies" proposal under which the U.S. and the Soviet Union would trade information on each other's military facilities.

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