In 1902, Felix Pedro discovered gold on Cleary Creek, touching off a stampede that resulted in the founding of Fairbanks.
In 1923, President Warren G. Harding spent the day in Sitka, the last stop of his Alaska tour.
In 1954, the Bureau of Land Management held a drawing to determine the priority for assigning oil leases in the Cold Bay and Wild Bay areas of the Alaska Peninsula. Two hundred and eighty-seven applications were submitted.
In 1968, the native village of Tyonek offered to sell electric power to the city of Kenai to help them with their electricity shortage.
In the nation
In 1587, a second English colony - also fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances - was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 and three-quarter hours.
In 1934, a man identified as bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater.
In 1937, the Senate rejected President Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.
In 1942, gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
In 1995, Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, S.C., of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons. (She was later sentenced to life in prison.)
In 2004, the September 11 commission issued a report saying America's leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopping short of blaming President Bush and former President Clinton. The Army Inspector General's office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths.
In the world
In 1943, American forces led by General George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.