This Day in History

Posted: Friday, July 22, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1902, Felix Pedro discovered gold on Cleary Creek, touching off a stampede that resulted in the founding of Fairbanks.

• In 1923, President Warren G. Harding spent the day in Sitka, the last stop of his Alaska tour.

• In 1954, the Bureau of Land Management held a drawing to determine the priority for assigning oil leases in the Cold Bay and Wild Bay areas of the Alaska Peninsula. Two hundred and eighty-seven applications were submitted.

• In 1968, the native village of Tyonek offered to sell electric power to the city of Kenai to help them with their electricity shortage.

In the nation

• In 1587, a second English colony - also fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances - was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.

• In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.

• In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.

• In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world in seven days, 18 and three-quarter hours.

• In 1934, a man identified as bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater.

• In 1937, the Senate rejected President Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.

• In 1942, gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.

• In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

• In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.

• In 1995, Susan Smith was convicted by a jury in Union, S.C., of first-degree murder for drowning her two sons. (She was later sentenced to life in prison.)

• In 2004, the September 11 commission issued a report saying America's leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopping short of blaming President Bush and former President Clinton. The Army Inspector General's office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths.

In the world

• In 1943, American forces led by General George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.

• In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.

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