This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 23, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1907, the Chugach National Forest was established.

• In 1949, the vessel Cross Sound unloaded 250 dozen live crabs in Seattle, the first live crabs to be brought from Alaska in a fishing vessel.

• In 1957, Richfield Oil Corp. announced Alaska's first major oil strike at Richfield's Swanson River Unit, Well No. 1.

• In 1961, the Haines Lumber Co. sawmill burned, with losses of more than $200,000.

• In 1962, the first Forest Service visitor center in the United States was dedicated at the Mendenhall Glacier near Juneau.

• In 1969, the villages of St. Michael, Whittier, Stebbins, Shishmaref and White Mountain voted in favor of incorporation as Fourth Class Cities. Haines lost the honor of having the nation's largest black cottonwood tree when a larger one was found in Oregon.

In the nation

• In 1886, New York saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claimed to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River (however, few historians believe the jump actually occurred).

• In 1967, a week of deadly race-related rioting that claimed 43 lives erupted in Detroit.

• In 1977, a jury in Washington D.C. convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims of charges stemming from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.

• In 1982, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors, 7-year-old Myca Dinh Le and 6-year-old Renee Chen, were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for "Twilight Zone: The Movie." (Director John Landis and four associates were later acquitted of manslaughter charges.)

• In 1997, the search for Andrew Cunanan, the suspected killer of designer Gianni Versace and others, ended as police found his body on a houseboat in Miami Beach, Fla., an apparent suicide.

In the world

• In 1914, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; the dispute led to World War I.

• In 1945, French Marshal Henri Petain, who had headed the Vichy government during World War II, went on trial, charged with treason. (He was condemned to death, but his sentence was commuted.)

• In 1952, Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser launched a successful coup against King Farouk.

• In 1986, Britain's Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London. (The couple divorced in 1996.)

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