This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 25, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1924, the Alaska Sanitary Packing Company Cannery at Wrangell was destroyed by fire.

• In 1939, state authorities ordered all public gatherings suspended at the Matanuska Colony because of a measles epidemic.

• In 1949, the Navy reported that natural gas in commercial quantities had been discovered near Point Barrow.

In the nation

• In 1866, Ulysses S. Grant was named general of the Army, the first officer to hold the rank.

• In 1868, Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory.

• In 1952, Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

• In 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan's King Hussein signed a declaration at the White House ending their countries' 46-year-old formal state of war.

• In 2000, the Middle East summit at Camp David collapsed. Texas Gov. George W. Bush selected Dick Cheney to be his running mate.

In the world

• In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and re-asserted his authority.

• In 1946, the United States detonated an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific in the first underwater test of the device.

• In 1956, 51 people died when the Italian liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Swedish ship Stockholm off the New England coast.

• In 1963, the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain initialed a treaty in Moscow prohibiting the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, in space or underwater.

• In 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the first "test tube baby," was born in Oldham, England. She'd been conceived through the technique of in-vitro fertilization.

• In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space as she carried out more than three hours of experiments outside the orbiting space station Salyut 7.

• In 1985, a spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirmed that the actor, hospitalized in Paris, was suffering from AIDS. Hudson died the following October.

• In 1995, a bomb exploded on a Paris subway, killing seven people and injuring at least 60. A U.N. war crimes tribunal indicted Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, army commander General Ratko Mladic, and 22 other Serbs for war crimes.

• In 2000, a New York-bound Air France Concorde crashed outside Paris shortly after takeoff, killing all 109 people on board and four people on the ground; it was the first-ever crash of the supersonic jet.

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