This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, July 25, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1924, the Alaska Sanitary Packing Co. cannery at Wrangell was destroyed by fire.

• In 1939, state authorities ordered all public gatherings suspended at the Matanuska Colony because of a measles epidemic.

• In 1949, the Navy reported that natural gas in commercial quantities had been discovered near Point Barrow.

In the nation

• In 1866, Ulysses S. Grant was named general of the Army, the first officer to hold the rank.

• In 1868, Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming territory.

• In 1943, the United States detonated an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific in the first underwater test of the device.

• In 1996, divers searching the wreckage of TWA Flight 800 off Long Island, N.Y., recovered the flight data and cockpit voice recorders.

• In 2005, the AFL-CIO splintered as the Service Employees International Union and the Teamsters announced they were leaving the labor federation. Corporal Dustin Berg, an Indiana National Guard soldier, pleaded guilty to negligent homicide in the death of an Iraqi police officer (he was later sentenced to 18 months in military prison). Four adult Boy Scout leaders were killed in an electrical accident while setting up camp for the organization's Jamboree in Bowling Green, Va.

In the world

• In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. (Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and reasserted his authority.)

• In 1952, Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States.

• In 1956, the Italian liner Andrea Doria collided with the Swedish passenger ship Stockholm off the New England coast late at night and began sinking; at least 51 people died as a result of the impact. (The Andrea Doria sank the following day, some 11 hours after the crash.)

• In 1963, the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain initialed a treaty in Moscow prohibiting the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, in space or underwater.

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