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In 1939, Echo Cove Gold Mining Co. incorporated with plans to develop the old Winter and Pond claim in Berners Bay, north of Juneau.
In 1968, Lake George, the largest of 54 self-dumping lakes in Alaska and Canada, was officially dedicated as a national landmark. The 15-mile-long lake is 44 miles east of Anchorage. (A self-dumping lake is temporarily formed by glacial movement, dumping its winter collection of water in the spring/summer.)
In 1969, Alaska Highway No. 1 was designated the Bluestar Memorial Highway by Gov. Keith Miller.
In the nation
In 1775, Benjamin Franklin became Postmaster-General.
In 1788, New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1971, Apollo 15 was launched from Cape Kennedy, Fla.
In 1996, President Clinton rejected a clemency plea from Jonathan Pollard, who had spent more than 10 years in prison for spying for Israel. Amy Van Dyken became the first American woman to win four gold medals at a single Olympics as she captured the 50-meter freestyle in Atlanta.
In 2005, America's manned space program roared back to life with the launch of Discovery, 212 years after the Columbia disaster. Cubs pitcher Greg Maddux recorded his 3,000 career strikeout against San Francisco in the third inning of a 3-2, 11-inning victory for the Giants.
In the world
In 1945, Winston Churchill resigned as Britain's prime minister after his Conservatives were soundly defeated by the Labour Party. (Clement Attlee became the new prime minister.)
In 1952, King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
In 1956, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. The Italian liner Andrea Doria sank off New England, some 11 hours after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm; at least 51 people died.
In 1986, kidnappers in Lebanon released the Rev. Lawrence Martin Jenco, an American hostage held for nearly 19 months.
In 2001, China granted parole to two U.S.-based scholars convicted of spying for Taiwan.
In 2005, six nations resumed nuclear disarmament talks that North Korea had boycotted for 13 months, but little progress was made.