This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 28, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1929, Alaska Airways, represented by Col. Ben Eielson, purchased the entire stock of the Bennett-Rodebaugh Airplane Co.

• In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill to provide protection for Ketchikan's water supply by setting aside an 8,600-acre water supply reserve near the city.

• In 1949, the Canadian Department of National Revenue established a cash deposit requirement of $342 for any Alaska Highway traveler using a car built before 1940. This was to eliminate abandonment of old cars along the highway.

• In 1977, at 11:02 p.m., the first oil from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields reached Valdez, after traveling the 798 miles of the trans-Alaska pipeline.

In the nation

• In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process of law, was declared in effect.

• In 1896, the city of Miami was incorporated.

• In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.

• In 1943, President Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing.

• In 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.

• In 1977, Roy Wilkins turned over leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to Benjamin L. Hooks.

• In 1993, President Clinton declared himself ready to provide air power quickly to protect peacekeepers in Bosnia once he received a request from the United Nations.

• In 1998, during a day of official mourning, Clinton praised two slain police officers at the U.S. Capitol as heroes whose sacrifice "consecrated this house of freedom." General Motors reached a tentative agreement with the United Auto Workers to end an almost two-month-old strike. Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion merger deal that created Verizon. Monica Lewinsky received blanket immunity in exchange for providing "full and truthful testimony" to a grand jury investigating President Clinton.

• In 2002, nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.

In the world

• In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

• In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.

• In 1990, political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.

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