In 1929, Alaska Airways, represented by Col. Ben Eielson, purchased the entire stock of the Bennett-Rodebaugh Airplane Co.
In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill to provide protection for Ketchikan's water supply by setting aside an 8,600-acre water supply reserve near the city.
In 1949, the Canadian Department of National Revenue established a cash deposit requirement of $342 for any Alaska Highway traveler using a car built before 1940. This was to eliminate abandonment of old cars along the highway.
In 1977, at 11:02 p.m., the first oil from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields reached Valdez, after traveling the 798 miles of the trans-Alaska pipeline.
In the nation
In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process of law, was declared in effect.
In 1896, the city of Miami was incorporated.
In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand money they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.
In 1943, President Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing.
In 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
In 1977, Roy Wilkins turned over leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to Benjamin L. Hooks.
In 1993, President Clinton declared himself ready to provide air power quickly to protect peacekeepers in Bosnia once he received a request from the United Nations.
In 1998, during a day of official mourning, Clinton praised two slain police officers at the U.S. Capitol as heroes whose sacrifice "consecrated this house of freedom." General Motors reached a tentative agreement with the United Auto Workers to end an almost two-month-old strike. Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion merger deal that created Verizon. Monica Lewinsky received blanket immunity in exchange for providing "full and truthful testimony" to a grand jury investigating President Clinton.
In 2002, nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.
In the world
In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.
In 1990, political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.