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In 1929, Alaska Airways, represented by Col. Ben Eielson, purchased the entire stock of the Bennett-Rodebaugh Airplane Co.
In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill to provide protection for Ketchikan's water supply by setting aside an 8,600 acre water supply reserve near the city.
In 1949, the Canadian Department of National Revenue established a cash deposit requirement of $342 for any Alaska Highway traveler using a car built before 1940. This was to eliminate abandonment of old cars along the highway.
In 1977, at 11:02 p.m., the first oil from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields reached Valdez, after traveling the 798 miles of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline.
In the nation
In 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing due process of law, was declared in effect.
In 1896, the city of Miami was incorporated.
In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand money they were not scheduled to receive until 1945.
In 1945, the U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2. A U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
In 1965, President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
In 2002, nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Pa., were rescued after 77 hours underground.
In 1996, federal investigators reported "very good leads" in the hunt for the Olympic bomber, a day after the explosion in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta that killed a Georgia woman. President Clinton, addressing a veterans convention in New Orleans, called on Congress to pass expanded anti-terrorism measures.
In the world
In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
In 2001, Alejandro Toledo, Peru's first freely elected president of Indian descent, was sworn into office.
In 2005, NASA said space shuttle Discovery had escaped any serious damage from the potentially deadly piece of foam that broke off from the fuel tank during liftoff and looked safe to fly home in a week. The Irish Republican Army renounced the use of violence against British rule in Northern Ireland and said it would disarm. Lightning struck a group of Boy Scouts taking shelter from a storm in Sequoia National Park in California, killing an assistant troop leader and a teenage Scout.