This Day in History

Posted: Monday, July 30, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1926, members of the Juneau Chamber of Commerce voted unanimously against a change to Seattle time.

• In 1959, Alaska's first automated car wash opened in Anchorage.

• In 1969, Gov. Keith Miller said that penalties against foreign fishing vessels apprehended in Alaskan waters "have been far below a deterrent level."

In the nation

• In 1619, the first representative assembly in America convened in Jamestown, Va.

• In 1729, the city of Baltimore was founded.

• In 1844, the New York Yacht Club was founded.

• In 1864, during the Civil War, Union forces tried to take Petersburg, Va., by exploding a gunpowder-filled mine under Confederate defense lines. The attack failed.

• In 1932, the Summer Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles.

• In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service" - WAVES for short.

• In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Medicare bill, which went into effect the following year.

• In 1975, former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappeared in suburban Detroit - although presumed dead, his remains have never been found.

• In 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the most far-reaching government crackdown on business fraud since the Depression. Expelled from Congress a week earlier, an unrepentant James A. Traficant Jr. was sentenced to eight years behind bars for corruption and made it clear he intended to run for re-election from his prison cell - and expected to win. (He didn't.) WNBA player Lisa Leslie became the first woman to dunk in a professional game, jamming on a breakaway in the first half of the Los Angeles Sparks' 82-73 loss to the Miami Sol.

In the world

• In 1792, the French national anthem "La Marseillaise," by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris by troops arriving from Marseille.

• In 1945, during World War II, the battle cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered components for the atomic bomb that would be dropped on Hiroshima, was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; only 316 out of some 1,200 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters.

• In 1980, the Israeli Knesset passed a law reaffirming all of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish state.

• In 1997, two men bombed Jerusalem's most crowded outdoor market, killing themselves and 16 others. Eighteen people, including two Americans, were killed in a landslide that swept one ski lodge onto another at the Thredbo Alpine Village in southeast Australia.

• In 2002, Pope John Paul II canonized Pedro de San Jose Betancur, Central America's first saint.

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