This Day in History

Posted: Monday, August 01, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1910, Alaska was created as a separate Lighthouse District, the 16th, with Ketchikan as its headquarters.

• In 1956, the cornerstone was laid for the new $2 million Juneau-Douglas High School.

• In 1964, outhouses were outlawed in Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, and all residences were required to connect to city water and sewer lines.

• In 1968, several hundred reindeer stopped all airplane traffic at the Nome airport. Herders had to drive the caribou the full length of the runway to get them back in the tundra.

• In 1969, the Anchorage department store chain which began as Caribou Pete's in 1951 officially became part of the Montgomery Ward chain.

• In 1977, the first tanker load of Alaska oil from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields left the Port of Valdez aboard the ARCO Juneau.

• In 1979, the Alaska Department of Transportation completed an $800,000 study on the feasibility of connecting the Alaska Railroad with the Lower 48. Although it never did, the Alaska Railroad remains the northernmost railroad in North America.

In the nation

• In 1790, the first United States census was completed, showing a population of nearly 4 million people.

• In 1873, inventor Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car he had designed for the city of San Francisco.

• In 1876, Colorado was admitted as the 38th state.

• In 1946, President Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law, establishing the scholarships named for Sen. William J. Fulbright. The Atomic Energy Commission was established.

• In 1957, the United States and Canada reached agreement to create the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).

• In 1966, 25-year-old Charles Joseph Whitman shot and killed 15 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police.

• In 1981, the rock music video channel MTV made its debut.

• In 1995, in the second TV network takeover in as many days, Westinghouse Electric Corp. struck a deal to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. (A day earlier, Walt Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC for $19 billion.

• In 2004, the federal government warned of possible al-Qaida terrorist attacks against specific financial institutions in New York City, Washington and Newark, N.J.

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