This Day in History

Posted: Friday, August 05, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1881, Boyd Presbyterian Church was established in Hoonah by the Rev. Sheldon Jackson.

• In 1893, the St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in Juneau was completed.

• In 1923, the Northbird, Alaska's first commercial airplane, crashed near Ketchikan.

• In 1949, Alaska Airlines was fined $60,000 for contempt of court when it violated an injunction against operating between Alaska and the United States. The suit was filed by Pacific Northern Airlines, Northwest Airlines, American Airways, and the Civil Aeronautics Board.

• In 1959, Georgia-Pacific Alaska announced tentative plans for a newsprint paper pulp mill in Juneau.

• In 1969, Alaska's drunken driving implied consent law went into effect, requiring drivers to submit to a breathalyzer test if suspected of driving under the influence.

In the nation

• In 1864, during the Civil War, Union Adm. David G. Farragut is said to have ordered, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" as he led his fleet against Mobile Bay, Ala.

• In 1884, the cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.

• In 1914, the first electric traffic lights were installed, in Cleveland, Ohio.

• In 1924, the comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," by Harold Gray, made its debut.

• In 1957, "American Bandstand," hosted by Dick Clark, made its network debut on ABC.

• In 1962, actress Marilyn Monroe, 36, was found dead in her Los Angeles home; her death was ruled a probable suicide from an overdose of sleeping pills.

• In 1981, the federal government began firing air traffic controllers who had gone out on strike.

• In 2000, President Clinton vetoed a Republican-sponsored tax cut for married couples, describing it as "the first installment of a fiscally reckless tax strategy."

• In 2004, New York City's director of ferries pleaded not guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter in the wreck of a Staten Island ferry. (Patrick Ryan later pleaded guilty to negligent manslaughter.) Two-year-old twins from the Philippines born with the tops of their heads fused together were separated at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. The Georgia men's basketball team was placed on four years' probation for rules violations under former coach Jim Harrick.

In the world

• In 1953, Operation Big Switch was under way as prisoners taken during the Korean conflict were exchanged at Panmunjom.

• In 1963, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union signed a treaty in Moscow banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in space and underwater.

• In 1980, Hurricane Allen battered the southern peninsula of Haiti, leaving more than 200 dead in its wake.

• In 1984, actor Richard Burton died at a hospital in Geneva, Switzerland, at the age of 58.

• In 1995, Secretary of State Warren Christopher arrived in Hanoi, Vietnam, to "build a bridge of cooperation." (Christopher was the first U.S. secretary of state to visit Vietnam since the war and the first ever to go to Hanoi.)

• In 2000, actor Sir Alec Guinness died at a southern England hospital at age 86.

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