This Day in History

Posted: Monday, August 06, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1886, about 60 Chinese immigrants were expelled from Juneau and Douglas and sent to Wrangell in small sailboats.

• In 1904, the first message was passed on the link from St. Michael to Port Safety. This final link established Nome's first communications to the outside. From St. Michael, messages could be sent via telegraph to Canada and the southern states.

• In 1939, the Alaska Steamship Company freighter Depere hit a rock in Wrangell Narrows during thick fog and strong tides. It was patched and escorted south.

• In 1969, the city of Nome announced its intention of suing the state of Alaska for unpaid property taxes.

• In 1970, Chugach State Park was established.

• In 1979, a special session of the Alaska State Legislature was convened by Governor Jay Hammond to deal with state employee contract bills.

• In 2006, oil giant BP announced an indefinite shutdown of the biggest oilfield in the United States, at Prudhoe Bay, after finding a pipeline leak (BP was able to maintain partial operations).

In the nation

• In 1890, convicted murderer William Kemmler became the first person to be executed in the electric chair as he was put to death at Auburn State Prison in New York.

• In 1890, Cy Young gained the first of his 511 major league victories as he pitched the Cleveland Spiders to a win over the Chicago Colts. (However, the score is a matter of dispute, with some sources saying 6-1, and others saying 8-1).

• In 1926, Warner Brothers premiered its Vitaphone sound-on-disc movie system in New York with a showing of "Don Juan" featuring music and sound effects.

• In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.

• In 1997, ending years of impassioned rivalry, Apple Computer and Microsoft agreed to share technology in a deal giving Microsoft a stake in Apple's survival.

• In 2002, 1-year-old Guatemalan twins joined at the head were separated at the UCLA Medical Center. President George W. Bush signed legislation restoring to U.S. presidents broad authority in negotiating trade pacts.

In the world

• In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis II abdicated.

• In 1825, Bolivia proclaimed its independence from Peru.

• In 1926, Gertrude Ederle, of New York, became the first American woman to swim the English Channel, arriving in Kingsdown, England, from France in 14 hours.

• In 1945, during World War II, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, resulting in an estimated 140,000 deaths in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.

• In 1962, Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.

• In 1997, Korean Air Flight 801 crashed into a hillside a short distance from Guam International Airport, killing 228 of the 254 aboard the Boeing 747.

• In 2006, Sherri Steinhauer shot an even-par 72 to win the Women's British Open for the third time, and the first since it became a major. Tiger Woods won his 50th PGA Tour title with a three-stroke victory over Jim Furyk in the Buick Open.

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