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In 1877, the American flag was raised at Metlakatla by migrants from Metlakatla, British Columbia.
In 1897, William L. Distin was appointed the first surveyor general of Alaska.
In 1938, the first test flight of the Pan American amphibian from Seattle to Ketchikan and Juneau landed on the Mendenhall Flats in the capital city. The flight lasted 8 hours and 20 minutes.
In 1959, Alaska inaugurated its first state court system as Buell Nesbett and John Dimond took office as justices of the Alaska Supreme Court. Later that year, Walter Hodges also took office.
In 1969, nearly half of the 29 Alaskan sea otters transplanted to the Washington coast from pending nuclear testing areas on Amchitka Island died after less than a week in their new home.
In 1989, in the Northwest Territories, today is celebrated as Civic Day.
In the nation
In 1782, George Washington created the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers.
In 1789, the U.S. War Department was established by Congress.
In 1927, the Peace Bridge between the United States and Canada was dedicated during ceremonies attended by the Prince of Wales and Vice President Charles Dawes.
In 1934, the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government's attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses."
In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.
In 1976, scientists in Pasadena, Calif., announced that the Viking 1 spacecraft had found the strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars.
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