In 1900, the Nome Daily Chronicle was established, but operated as a daily for only six weeks.
In 1959, Stan Upton finished a 5,000-mile, 19-month horseback trip from Death Valley, Calif., to McKinley National Park.
In 1979, Anchorage police raided a Mountain View home, seizing 200 marijuana plants.
In the nation
In 1860, the nation's first successful silver mill began operation near Virginia City, Nev.
In 1909, the SOS distress signal was first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, N.C.
In 1934, the first federal prisoners arrived at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
In 1956, abstract painter Jackson Pollock died in a car accident in East Hampton, N.Y.
In 1965, rioting and looting that claimed 34 lives broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles.
In 1984, President Reagan joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address that he had "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
In 1992, the Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the United States, opened in Bloomington, Minn.
In 1994, a federal jury awarded more than 10,000 commercial fishermen $286.8 million for losses suffered as a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
In 2003, President Bush chose Utah Gov. Mike Leavitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency.
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