In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1799, Czar Paul granted the first charter to the Russian American Company.
In 1900, the Nome Daily Chronicle was established but operated as a daily for only six weeks.
In 1959, Stan Upton finished a 5,000-mile, 19-month horseback trip from Death Valley, Calif., to McKinley National Park.
In 1979, Anchorage police raided a Mountain View home, seizing 200 marijuana plants.
In the nation
In 1934, the first federal prisoners arrived at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.
In 1949, President Truman nominated Gen. Omar N. Bradley to become the first chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
In 1965, rioting and looting that claimed 34 lives broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles.
In 1984, President Reagan joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address that he had "signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
In 1992, the Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the United States, opened in Bloomington, Minn.
In 1993, President Clinton named Army Gen. John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring General Colin Powell.
In 1998, one of the shooters in the Jonesboro, Ark., schoolyard massacre, Mitchell Johnson, pleaded guilty to murder and battery and the other, Andrew Golden, was convicted. (The boys, ages 14 and 12, were detained by Arkansas juvenile authorities until they turned 18, then transferred to federal custody. Federal authorities released the two when they turned 21.)
In 2003, President Bush chose Utah Gov. Mike Leavitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency.
In 2007, Former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney won an easy and expected victory in a high-profile Iowa Republican straw poll. Funeral services were held in Newark, N.J., for three college students shot to death in a schoolyard during an apparent robbery attempt.