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In 1900, 1,000 people on a Nome beach witnessed the rescue of two miners after their skiff exploded. Water had leaked into the bottom of the boat, which was carrying 15 pounds of sodium.
In 1913, the main tunnel of the Alaska-Juneau Gold Mine was completed.
In 1930, Matt Nieminen was the first pilot to fly over the summit of Mount McKinley.
In 1949, the U.S. Post Office announced plans for the first rural free-delivery route in Ketchikan. (There was neither city nor rural mail delivery in the Territory then.)
In 1959, a U.S. district judge issued a temporary restraining order aimed at ending a union work stoppage in Skagway that was halting Canadian freight traffic through the port.
In 1965, Albert Rothfus of the Alaska National Guard saved 3-year-old Emily Guthrie from drowning in Ketchikan Creek. He was later awarded the first Alaska Medal of Heroism.
In 1979, a fire of unknown origin destroyed three buildings in Chitna, including the town's only store.
In the nation
In 1846, the American flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles.
In 1934, the satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, made its debut.
In 1967, the movie "Bonnie and Clyde," starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, had its U.S. premiere.
In 1981, in a ceremony at his California ranch, President Ronald Reagan signed a historic package of tax and budget reductions.
In 2002, President Bush hosted a half-day economic forum at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, where he assured Americans that his administration had a steady hand on the economy. American Airlines said it would eliminate 7,000 jobs and cut flights.
In the world
In 1521, Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez captured Teno- chtitlan from the Aztec Indians.
In 1624, French King Louis XIII named Cardinal Richelieu his first minister.
In 1704, the Battle of Blenheim was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession, resulting in a victory for English and Austrian forces over French and Bavarian soldiers.
In 1932, Adolf Hitler rejected the post of vice-chancellor of Germany, saying he was prepared to hold out "for all or nothing."
In 1960, the first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of Echo One.
In 1961, Berlin was divided as East Germany sealed off the border between the city's eastern and western sectors and began building a wall in order to halt the flight of refugees.
In 1997, U.S. envoy Dennis Ross wrapped up a four-day mission to the Middle East, during which he had persuaded the Palestinians to resume security cooperation with Israel.