In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1900, 1,000 people on a Nome beach witnessed the rescue of two miners after their skiff exploded. Water had leaked into the bottom of the boat, which was carrying 15 pounds of sodium.
In 1913, the main tunnel of the Alaska-Juneau Gold Mine was completed.
In 1930, Matt Nieminen was the first pilot to fly over the summit of Mount McKinley.
In 1949, the U.S. Post Office announced plans for the first rural free-delivery route in Ketchikan. (There was neither city nor rural mail delivery in the territory then.)
In 1959, a U.S. district judge issued a temporary restraining order aimed at ending a union work stoppage in Skagway that was halting Canadian freight traffic through the port.
In 1965, Albert Rothfus of the Alaska National Guard saved 3-year-old Emily Guthrie from drowning in Ketchikan Creek. He was later awarded the first Alaska Medal of Heroism.
In 1979, a fire of unknown origin destroyed three buildings in Chitna, including the town's only store.
In the nation
In 1846, the American flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles.
In 1889, William Gray of Hartford, Conn., received a patent for a coin-operated telephone.
In 1934, the satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, made its debut.
In 1981, in a ceremony at his California ranch, President Reagan signed a historic package of tax and budget reductions.
In 1998, President Clinton led the nation in mourning 12 Americans killed in a pair of U.S. embassy bombings in Africa. Standing before black hearses carrying 10 of the bodies, the president pledged to seek justice "for these evil acts."
In 2007, President Bush's political strategist, Karl Rove, announced his resignation.
In the world
In 1521, Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez captured Tenochtitlan, present-day Mexico City, from the Aztecs.
In 1624, French King Louis XIII named Cardinal Richelieu his first minister.
In 1704, the Battle of Blenheim was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession, resulting in a victory for English-led forces over French and Bavarian soldiers.
In 1932, Adolf Hitler rejected the post of vice-chancellor of Germany, saying he was prepared to hold out "for all or nothing."
In 1960, the first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of Echo 1.
In 1961, Berlin was divided as East Germany sealed off the border between the city's eastern and western sectors and began building a wall in order to halt the flight of refugees.