This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, August 14, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1906, the first District-wide election was held to select a non-voting delegate in the U.S. House of Representatives. Frank H. Waskey was elected.

• In 1939, the incorporation of the Alaska Miners Association was announced in Fairbanks. The supervisor of Native Arts and Crafts for the Office of Indian Affairs announced that $7000 worth of mukluks and parkas were being sewn for Admiral Byrd's Antarctic expedition.

• In 1941, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge was established.

• In 1959, a fire gutted the Alaska Plywood Corporation plant in Juneau. The Federal Aviation Administration denied Juneau's application for funds to extend the airport runway for jet traffic. The extension was applied for because there was not enough clearance for jets.

• In 1969, RCA Alascom was incorporated in Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1848, the Oregon Territory was established.

• In 1935, the Social Security Act became law.

• In 1945, President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending WWII.

• In 1951, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst died in Beverly Hills, Calif.

• In 1980, President Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale were nominated for a second term at the Democratic national convention in New York.

• In 1995, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. (However, Faulkner quit the school less than a week later, citing the stress of her court fight, and her isolation among the male cadets.)

• In 2000, on the opening night of the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, President Clinton offered a triumphant review of his years in office, and exhorted delegates to propel Al Gore on the road to succeed him.

In the world

• In 1917, China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.

• In 1947, Pakistan became independent of British rule.

• In 1969, British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

• In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia came to a halt.

• In 1980, workers went on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, in a job action that resulted in the creation of the Solidarity labor movement.

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