This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, August 14, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1906, the first district-wide election was held to select a nonvoting delegate in the U.S. House of Representatives. Frank Waskey was elected.

• In 1939, the incorporation of the Alaska Miners Association was announced in Fairbanks. The supervisor of native arts and crafts for the Office of Indian Affairs announced that $7,000 worth of mukluks and parkas were being sewn for Admiral Byrd's Antarctic expedition.

• In 1941, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge was established.

• In 1959, a fire gutted the Alaska Plywood Corp. plant in Juneau. The Federal Aviation Administration denied Juneau's application for funds to extend the airport runway for jet traffic. The extension was applied for because there was not enough clearance for jets.

• In 1969, RCA Alascom was incorporated in Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1848, the Oregon Territory was created.

• In 1935, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law.

• In 1945, President Harry Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.

• In 1997, an unrepentant Timothy McVeigh was formally sentenced to death for the Oklahoma City bombing.

In the world

• In 1900, international forces, including U.S. Marines, entered Beijing to put down the Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at purging China of foreign influence.

• In 1917, China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.

• In 1947, Pakistan became independent of British rule.

• In 1969, British troops went to Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.

• In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia came to a halt.

• In 1980, workers went on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, in a job action that resulted in the creation of the Solidarity labor movement.

• In 1981, Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital, three months after being wounded in an attempt on his life.

• In 1997, two cosmonauts (Vasily Tsibliyev and Alexander Lazutkin) made it safely home to Earth after a luckless six-month mission aboard the Mir space station.

• In 2002, Mexican President Vicente Fox angrily canceled a scheduled meeting with President George Bush hours after Texas executed a Mexican national for killing a Dallas police officer.

• In 2003, a huge blackout hit the northeastern United States and part of Canada; 50 million people lost power.

• In 2006, Israel halted its offensive against Hezbollah guerrillas as a U.N.-imposed cease-fire went into effect after a month of warfare that killed more than 900 people. Cuban state television aired the first video of Fidel Castro since he stepped down as president to recover from surgery, showing the bedridden Cuban leader talking with his brother Raul as well as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.

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