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In 1880, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris camped in the present site of Juneau and found gold prospects 29 days after leaving Sitka.
In 1896, George Carmack and companions made a gold discovery that touched off the Klondike Gold Rush.
In 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower vetoed a bill that would have doubled the number of oil and gas lease acres that an individual or corporation could hold.
In the nation
In 1807, Robert Fulton's North River Steam Boat began heading up New York's Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany.
In 1863, federal batteries and ships bombarded Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C., harbor during the Civil War.
In 1915, a mob in Cobb County, Ga., lynched Jewish businessman Leo Frank, whose death sentence for the murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan had been commuted to life imprisonment.
In 1969, 248 people were killed as Hurricane Camille slammed into the Gulf Coast. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair concluded near Bethel, N.Y.
In 1985, more than 1,400 meatpackers walked off the job at the Geo. A. Hormel and Company's main plant in Austin, Minn., in a bitter strike that lasted just over a year.
In 1996, a military cargo plane carrying gear for President Clinton crashed and exploded shortly after takeoff from Jackson Hole Airport in Wyoming; eight crew members and a Secret Service employee were killed. The Reform Party announced Ross Perot had won its nomination to be its first-ever presidential candidate.
In the world
In 1942, during World War II, U.S. 8th Air Force bombers attacked Rouen, France.
In 1943, the Allied conquest of Sicily was completed as U.S. and British forces entered Messina.
In 1978, the first successful trans-Atlantic balloon flight ended as Maxie Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman landed their Double Eagle II outside Paris.
In 1987, Rudolf Hess, the last member of Adolf Hitler's inner circle, died at a Berlin hospital near Spandau Prison at age 93, having apparently committed suicide.
In 2001, millionaire balloonist Steve Fossett's fifth attempt to fly solo around the world ended in Brazil after running into bad weather.
In 2005, Israeli security forces poured into four Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, beginning the forcible removal of protesters who'd refused orders to leave the area ahead of a deadline. Three car bombs exploded in Baghdad, killing up to 43 people. Hundreds of anti-war vigils were held nationwide, part of an effort spurred by Cindy Sheehan's protest near President Bush's Texas ranch in memory of her son Casey, who was killed in Iraq.