This Day in History

Posted: Friday, August 19, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1929, Ms. Marvel Crosson, widely known Alaska flier, was killed in a plane crash in Arizona.

• In 1929, water from Eklutna Canyon began supplying Anchorage with hydroelectric power.

• In 1933, George Alexander became the seventh U.S. District Judge for the First Division with its headquarters in Juneau.

• In 1979, an escaped buffalo was found northeast of Seward by the crew from the Coast Guard cutter Cape Jellison, the Alaska Department of Fish and Game and the Seward Fire Department.

In the nation

• In 1848, the New York Herald reported the discovery of gold in California.

• In 1929, the comedy program "Amos and Andy," starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll, made its network radio debut on NBC.

• In 1955, severe flooding in the northeastern United States claimed some 200 lives.

• In 1976, President Ford won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Kansas City.

In the world

• In 1812, the U.S.S. Constitution defeated the British frigate Guerriere east of Nova Scotia during the War of 1812.

• In 1934, a plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler.

• In 1942, about 6,000 Canadian and British soldiers launched a disastrous raid against the Germans at Dieppe, France, suffering about 50-percent casualties.

• In 1960, a tribunal in Moscow convicted American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers of espionage.

• In 1974, U.S. Ambassador Rodger P. Davies was fatally wounded by a bullet that penetrated the American embassy in Nicosia, Cyprus, during a protest by Greek Cypriots.

• In 1980, 301 people aboard a Saudi Arabian L-1011 died as the jetliner made a fiery emergency landing at the Riyadh airport.

• In 1991, Soviet hard-liners announced to a shocked world that President Mikhail S. Gorbachev had been removed from power. (The coup collapsed two days later).

• In 1995, three top U.S. diplomats heading to peace talks in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, were killed when their armored vehicle plunged off a muddy road and exploded.

• In 2000, Norwegian divers with video equipment went down to the sunken Russian submarine Kursk in a final attempt to find survivors trapped for a week.

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