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In 1868, Hiram Ketchum Jr. became the first Collector of Customs for Alaska.
In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt proclaimed the Alexander Archipelago Forest Reserve.
In 1938, the first scheduled Pan American air express flight from Seattle to Juneau landed at Auke Bay.
In 1959, Governor William Egan took delivery of a new Lincoln sedan as the Governor's official car. The midnight blue car replaced a 1953 Lincoln used by the last two Governors of the Territory, but which was transferred to Guam by the Federal Government. The first commercial jet flight landed in Anchorage as a Pan American Airways Boeing 707 enroute to Tokyo stopped for fuel.
In the nation
In 1866, President Andrew Johnson formally declared the Civil War over, months after fighting had stopped.
In 1920, pioneering American radio station 8MK in Detroit (later WWJ) began daily broadcasting.
In 1964, President Johnson signed a nearly $1 billion anti-poverty measure.
In 1977, the U.S. launched Voyager 2, an unmanned spacecraft carrying a 12-inch copper phonograph record containing greetings in dozens of languages, samples of music and sounds of nature.
In 1986, postal employee Patrick Henry Sherrill went on a deadly rampage at a post office in Edmond, Okla., shooting 14 fellow workers to death before killing himself.
In 1996, President Clinton approved the first minimum-wage increase in five years, raising the hourly minimum by 90 cents to $5.15 per hour over 13 months. Susan McDougal was sentenced in Little Rock, Ark., to two years in prison in a Whitewater fraud case. (She served three months of that sentence, but also 18 months for contempt for refusing to answer questions about President Clinton.)
In 2001, Nikolay Soltys, a 27-year-old Ukrainian immigrant in Sacramento, Calif., fled after killing his wife and five other relatives. (Soltys was later captured, but ended up committing suicide in his jail cell.)
In 2005, Northwest Airlines mechanics went on strike rather than accept pay cuts and layoffs; Northwest hired replacement workers. With a deafening boom, the ashes of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson were blown into the sky above Woody Creek, Colo.
In the world
In 1914, German forces occupied Brussels, Belgium, during World War I.
In 1940, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill paid tribute to the Royal Air Force, saying, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
In 1953, the Soviet Union publicly acknowledged it had tested a hydrogen bomb.
In 1955, hundreds of people were killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
In 1968, the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations began invading Czechoslovakia to crush the "Prague Spring" liberalization drive of Alexander Dubcek's regime.
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